England is the most populated country in the United Kingdom. The other countries that make up the United Kingdom are Wales, Scotland and Ireland.
England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world.
The name “England” is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means “land of the Angles“.
Official language is English.
1 billion people speak English. That’s 1 in every 7 on earth.
In 2015, England was estimated to have a population of 63,843,856.
England has a large economy and uses the pound sterling as its currency.
London, England’s capital, set on the River Thames, is a 21st-century city with history stretching back to Roman times.
The official London home of the British monarch (king or queen) is Buckingham Palace.
Other major cities include Birmingham, Manchester, Sheffield, Liverpool, Newcastle and Leeds.
England includes many small islands such as the Isle of Wight, the Isles of Scilly and Hayling Island.
Scafell Pike is the highest mountain in England, at an elevation of 978 meters (3,209 feet) above sea level.
The longest river in England is the River Thames, it flows through London and is slightly shorter than the River Severn at around 346 kilometres (215 miles) in length.
England’s terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England.
England’s fauna is mainly made up of small animals and is notable for having few large mammals, but in similarity with other island nations; many bird species.
English food has traditionally been based on beef, lamb, pork, chicken and fish and generally served with potatoes and one other vegetable.
The most common and typical foods eaten in England include the sandwich, fish and chips, pies like the cornish pasty, trifle and roasts dinners.
English people consume more tea per capita than anybody else in the world (2.5 times more than the Japanese and 22 times more than the Americans or the French).
Famous English Scientists including Stephen Hawking, Sir Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, and Jane Goodall among many others.
There have been a number of influential English authors but perhaps the most well known is William Shakespeare, who wrote classics such as Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth and Hamlet.
English famous musicians/bands include: The Beatles, Rolling Stones, The Sex Pistols, Pink Floyd, New order, Queen, Led Zeppelin, The Cure, Black Sabbath, The Who, The Clash, Radiohead, Coldplay, Muse …
The highest temperature ever recorded in England was 38.5°C (101.3°F ) in Brogdale, Kent, on 10 August 2003.
Windsor Castle in the English county of Berkshire is an official residence of The Queen and the largest
occupied castle in the world.
After the Norman Conquest in 1066 French quickly replaced English in all domains associated with power. French was the official language of England for about 300 years, from 1066 till 1362. French was used at the royal court, by the clergy, the aristocracy, in law courts. But the vast majority of the population continued to speak English.
The Barbary Lion is a national animal of England. Lion was the nickname of England’s medieval warrior rulers with a reputation for bravery, such as Richard I of England, known as Richard the Lionheart.
The red rose is widely recognised as the national flower of England.
The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known as “Wimbledon“, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is widely considered the most prestigious.
Ye Olde Trip to Jerusalem claims to be not only Nottingham’s but in fact England’s earliest pub – dating from 1189.
Beer in England has been brewed for hundreds of years. As a beer brewing country, England is known for its top fermented cask beer (also called real ale) which finishes maturing in the cellar of the pub rather than at the brewery and is served with only natural carbonation.
A Beer Wave of 1.4 million liters (388,000 Gallons) flooded London in 1814 after a huge vat ruptured.
The first hot chocolate store opened in London.
One of England’s quaintest traditional event is the cheese rolling competition in Brockworth, Gloucestershire. Every year in May people chase Double Gloucester cheese down the steep Cooper’s Hill.
80% of information stored on all computers in the world is in English
English police do not carry guns except in emergencies.
The shortest war on record was fought between Zanzibar and England in 1896. Zanzibar surrendered after 38 minutes.
The first full-scale working railway steam locomotive was built in the United Kingdom in 1804 by Richard Trevithick, an English engineer born in Cornwall.
There is a limit of 12 minutes of commercials, per hour of television, in England.
There are over 30,000 people with the name John Smith in England.
There are more chickens than people in England.