The Empire State Building is a 102-story skyscraper in Manhattan, New York City, USA.
It has a roof height of 381 meters (1,250 feet), and with its antenna spire included, it stands a total of
443 meters (1,454 feet) high.
The Empire State Building is in the Art Deco style, characterized by decorative, geometric designs.
The Empire State Building was designed by William Lamb of the architect firm Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates.
The Empire State Building is made up of 5663 cubic meters (200,000 cubic feet) of Indiana Limestone.
Around 3,400 workers were involved in the construction of the Empire State Building,
The Empire State Building was built in just 410 days, a lightning fast pace as compared to the much slower speed with which modern-day skyscrapers are normally built.
The total cost to build it, including the cost of the land was $40,948,900. The cost without the land was $24,718,000. It is believed it would have cost twice as much but because of the Great Depression the price was much less.
The building was officially opened on May 1, 1931 when President Herbert Hoover turned the lights on with a push of a button from Washington, D.C.
The building became profitable in 1950 and was sold the next year for a record $51 million.
The Empire State Building was the first building to have more than 100 floors.
The Empire State Building was the tallest building in the world from 1931 to 1972.
The Empire State Building became the tallest building in New York City again after the collapse of the World Trade Center in 2001.In April 2012 the new One World Trade Center surpassed the Empire State Building in height.
In 2011, the Empire State Building became as the tallest Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED)-certified building in the United States.
As of 2015, the building is America’s fifth-tallest skyscraper, and the 30th-tallest in the world.
The Empire State Building lobby is one of the few interiors in New York to be designated a historic landmark by the Landmarks Preservation Commission.
Until the 1960s, the ceilings in the lobby had a shiny art deco mural inspired by both the sky and the Machine Age, until it was covered with ceiling tiles and fluorescent lighting.
In 2009, 18 months were spent restoring its aesthetic to the original 1930 design. Over 50 artists and workers used 1393 square meters (15,000 square feet) of aluminum and 120 square meters (1,300 square feet) of 23-carat gold leaf to re-create the mural.
From street level to the 102nd floor there are 1,872 steps. A race up the stairs to the 86th floor is held annually, the athletes must climb a total of 1,576 steps. The world record time for the race is held by Australian Paul Crake at 9 minutes and 33 seconds.
It has 6,514 windows and 73 elevators including 6 freight elevators.
The American Society of Civil Engineers named the Empire State Building one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.
According to the National Weather Service, the Empire State Building is hit by lightning an average of 25 times per year. In one storm, it was hit eight times in 24 minutes.
Static electricity gathers at high heights, and under the right atmospheric conditions, couples can experience a slight electric shock when they kiss.
There are observation decks on the 86th and 102nd floors. These tourist attractions are visited by around 4 million people annually.
There is saxophonist on the 86th floor observatory Thursdays-Saturdays, 9PM–12AM.
The Empire State Building have Multi-Colored Floodlights.The color of the building’s lights changes according to current events. For example, the Empire State Building is lit with red floodlights for Valentine’s Day. The building in the background is the Chrysler Building.
The Empire State Building is home to so many businesses that it has its own zip code: 10118.
The top of the Empire State Building is used for broadcasting the majority of commercial TV stations and FM radio stations in New York City.
At the end of World War II, an Army Air Corps B-25 twin-engine bomber plane crashes into the 79th floor of the building, due to foggy conditions. Only two stories are damaged, but 14 people are killed.
The Empire State Building’s 102nd Floor Observatory was originally planned as a check-in area for zeppelins (airships) docked at the tower.
In a poll of Americans by the American Institute of Architects, the Empire State Building outranked the White House and San Francisco’s Golden Gate Bridge as “America’s Favorite Architecture.”
In 2011, Cornell researchers analyzed millions of Flickr photos and concluded that the Empire State Building is the most photographed building in the world.
Since 1931, the Empire State Building has been a hot destination for Hollywood. Filmmakers have featured the building in more than 250 movies. Some of the most memorable Empire State Building moments can be seen in “King Kong,” “An Affair to Remember,” “Sleepless in Seattle,” “Elf,” and “Oblivion.”
Its name is derived from the nickname for New York, the Empire State.