Interesting facts about Singapore

singapore flag

Singapore is a sovereign city-state in Southeast Asia, and the world’s only island city-state.

The official name of the country is the Republic of Singapore.

Singapore is located just south of the Malay Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is 137 kilometers north of the equator and consists of 63 islands.

Singapore has four official languages Malay, Mandarin, Tamil, and English.

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Singapore was estimated to be 5,751,186 people.

Singapore is the second most densely populated country in the world, after Monaco.

The Singapore area comprises mainland and 62 other islands. The mainland of Singapore measures 50 kilometers (31 mi) from east to west and 27 kilometers (17 mi) from north to south with 193 kilometers (120 mi) of coastline.

It is the 176th largest country in the world by area with 719.1 square kilometers (277.6 square miles).

Singapore is both a city and a country, and therefore the capital of Singapore is also the entire country of


There aren’t any other cities on any of the islands which are part of the country of Singapore, just suburbs or parks or industrial or military areas.

Kallang River, the longest river in Singapore, is just 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) long.

Singapore has no natural lakes, but reservoirs and water catchment areas have been constructed to store fresh water for Singapore’s water supply.

The highest point of Singapore is Bukit Timah Hill, with a height of 165 meters (538 feet) and made up of igneous rock, granite.

bukit timah hill

The Singapore Botanic Gardens is a 156-year-old tropical garden located at the fringe of Singapore’s main shopping belt. It is the world’s first tropical garden to be honored as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It contains the largest tropical orchid garden in the world. The Botanic Gardens has been ranked Asia’s top park attraction since 2013, by TripAdvisor Travellers’ Choice Awards. It was declared the inaugural Garden of the Year, International Garden Tourism Awards in 2012.

singapore botanic gardens

Gardens by the Bay is a nature park spanning 101 hectares (250 acres) of reclaimed land in central Singapore, adjacent to the Marina Reservoir. Gardens by the Bay is part of a strategy by the Singapore government to transform Singapore from a “Garden City” to a “City in a Garden”. The stated aim is to raise the quality of life by enhancing greenery and flora in the city.

gardens by the bay

The Night Safari is the world’s first nocturnal zoo and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in
Singapore. Constructed at a cost of S$63 million, the Night Safari was officially opened on 26 May 1994 and occupies 35 hectares (86 acres) of secondary rainforest adjacent to the Singapore Zoo and Upper Seletar Reservoir. The Night Safari currently houses over 2,500 animals representing over 130 species, of which 38% are threatened species.

night safari singapore

The Singapore Flyer is a giant Ferris wheel in Singapore. Described by its operators as an observation wheel, it opened in 2008. It has 28 air-conditioned capsules, each able to accommodate 28 passengers, and incorporates a three-storey terminal building. The Flyer has an overall height of 165 metres (541 feet) and was the world’s tallest Ferris wheel until the 167.6 m (550 ft) High Roller, which is 2.6 m (9 ft) taller than the Flyer, opened on the Las Vegas Strip in Nevada, US, on 31 March 2014.

singapore flyer

Marina Bay Sands is an integrated resort fronting Marina Bay in Singapore. At its opening in 2010, it was billed as the world’s most expensive standalone casino property at S$8 billion, including the land cost. The resort includes a 2,561-room hotel, a 120,000-square-meter (1,300,000 sq ft) convention-exhibition center, the 74,000 square meters (800,000 sq ft) The Shoppes at Marina Bay Sands mall, a museum, two large theatres, “celebrity chef” restaurants, two floating Crystal Pavilions, a skating rink, and the world’s largest atrium casino with 500 tables and 1,600 slot machines. The complex is topped by a 340-metre-long (1,120 ft) SkyPark with a capacity of 3,900 people and a 150 m (490 ft) infinity swimming pool, set on top of the world’s largest public cantilevered platform, which overhangs the north tower by 67 m (220 ft).

marina bay sands

The Fountain of Wealth is listed by the Guinness Book of Records in 1998 as the largest fountain in the world. It is located in one of Singapore’s largest shopping malls, Suntec City.

fountain of wealth

The Merlion is a well known marketing icon of Singapore depicted as a mythical creature with a lion’s head and the body of a fish. It is widely used as a mascot and national personification of Singapore.


Independent since 1965, Singapore is Southeast Asia’s financial hub and the world’s busiest container port.

Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23% (130 square kilometers / 50 square miles ), and its greening policy has covered the densely populated island with tropical flora, parks and gardens.

The country is listed as the fourth-largest financial center in the world and boasts the third-highest per capita income in the world.


It is the least corrupt in Asia and the 7th least corrupt country in the world.

In 2016 Singapore remained the most expensive city globally for the third year in a row.

Singapore has the world’s highest concentration of millionaire households, with about 16% of the households having US$1 million or more in investable assets.

Singapore Prime Minister is the highest paid government official in the world. The annual salary of the Prime Minister of Singapore is about 1.7 million US dollars in 2015.

Singapore is ranked 11th internationally and first in Asia on the UN Human Development Index.

The five stars in the national flag of Singapore represents the ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality. The color red signifies brotherhood while white represents purity.

The Singapore Grand Prix is a motor race on the calendar of the FIA Formula One World Championship. The event takes place on the Marina Bay Street Circuit and was the inaugural night race and first street circuit in Asia for F1 races.

Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Singapore and it has been referred to as Disneyland with the Death Penalty.

Tree Planting Day is an annual event in Singapore which typically involves the planting of trees and shrubs in public places like housing estates, parks and schools.