March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the second of seven months to have a length of 31 days.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the meteorological beginning of spring occurs on the first day of March. In the Southern Hemisphere the meteorological beginning of autumn occurs on the first day of March.
The March equinox beetween the 19 and 21 marks the astronomical beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere.
The name of March comes from Martius, the first month of the earliest Roman calendar. It was named after Mars, the Roman god of war, and an ancestor of the Roman people through his sons Romulus and Remus. His month Martius was the beginning of the season for warfare, and the festivals held in his honor during the month were mirrored by others in October, when the season for these activities came to a close.
The Ides of March was a date in the Roman calendar corresponding to March 15 in the Gregorian calendar. The Ides was either on the 13th or the 15th day of each month and used to mark the day of the Full Moon.
In Roman society, the Ides of March was a special day: Romans celebrated the new year, made sacrifices to the gods, and paid their debts. On the Ides of March in the year 44 BC, Julius Caesar was murdered during a meeting of the Roman senate. His death ultimately ended the Roman Republic and triggered a civil war.
Martius remained the first month of the Roman calendar year perhaps as late as 153 BC, and several religious observances in the first half of the month were originally new year’s celebrations. Even in late antiquity, Roman mosaics picturing the months sometimes still placed March first.
March 1 began the numbered year in Russia until the end of the 15th century. Great Britain and its colonies continued to use March 25 until 1752, when they finally adopted the Gregorian calendar (the fiscal year in the UK continues to begin on 6 April, initially identical to 25 March in the former Julian calendar). Many other cultures and religions still celebrate the beginning of the New Year in March.
Zero Discrimination Day is celebrated globally on 1 March every year so that everyone lives life with dignity regardless of age, gender, ethnicity, skin colour, height, weight, etc.
Texas Independence Day is the celebration of the adoption of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836. With this document signed by 59 delegates, settlers in Mexican Texas officially declared independence from Mexico and created the Republic of Texas.
International Women’s Day is a global holiday celebrated annually on March 8 to commemorate the cultural, political, and socioeconomic achievements of women. It is also a focal point in the women’s rights movement, bringing attention to issues such as gender equality, reproductive rights, and violence and abuse against women.
International Day of Happiness is observed every year on 20 March.
On 21st March, World Poetry Day is celebrated every year to recognise the unique ability of poetry to capture the creative spirit of the human mind.
World Theatre Day is celebrated on 27 March annually across the world since 1962 to raise the importance of the art form “theatre” and to act as a wakeup call for governments, politicians, and institutions that have not yet recognised its value to the people and also have not realised its potential for economic growth.
The Full Moon in March is traditionally called the Worm Moon, because earthworms tend to appear around this time in many locations in the northern half of the world.
March’s birthstones are aquamarine and bloodstone. These stones symbolize courage.
Its birth flower is the daffodil. Daffodils are some of the first flowers we see in springtime and are a great indicator that winter is over. Because of this, they are seen to represent rebirth and new beginnings.
The zodiac signs for the month of March were Pisces and Aries.
Baba Marta is the name of a mythical figure who brings with her the end of the cold winter and the beginning of the spring. Her holiday of the same name is celebrated in Bulgaria on March 1 with the exchange and wearing of martenitsi. Baba Marta folklore is also present in southeastern Serbia, namely in the municipalities of Bosilegrad and Dimitrovgrad, where there is a majority ethnic Bulgarian population living there. This is done as a reference as to a freezing weather change after a spring break. The Romanian holiday Mărțișor is related to Baba Marta.
Hares (which look like big rabbits, though they are different species) mate during the month of March, when they are noted for their wild and excitable behavior, hence the expression mad as a March hare. The phrase has been in use since the 1500s, including in the poem Blowbol’s Test (“Thanne þey begyn to swere and to stare, And be as braynles as a Marshe hare”).