New York City or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
With an estimated 2016 population of 8,537,673 distributed over a land area of about 784 square kilometers (302.6 square miles), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States.
A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world.
The geography of New York City is characterized by its coastal position at the meeting of the Hudson River and the Atlantic Ocean in one of the world’s largest natural harbors.
Most of New York City is built on the three islands of Long Island, Manhattan, and Staten Island.
The highest point in the city is Todt Hill on Staten Island, which, at 124.9 meters (409.8 feet) above sea level, is the highest point on the Eastern Seaboard south of Maine.
New York is composed of five boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx and Staten Island; each of which is a separate county of New York State.
The written history of New York City began with the first European explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524.
A permanent European presence in New Netherland began in 1624 – making New York the 12th oldest continuously occupied European-established settlement in the continental United States – with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement on Governors Island.
In 1664, the city was named after then Duke of York, and future King of England James II. Charles II, King of England, James’s older brother, had named him proprietor of the former territory of New Netherlands and its main city of New Amsterdam, which had recently been seized from the Dutch.
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolutionary War, was fought in August 1776 within the modern-day borough of Brooklyn.
In 1789, New York City became the first national capital of the United States for a year.
In the 19th century, the city was transformed by development relating to its status as a trading center, as well as by European immigration.
At the turn of the 20th century, New York City became the city we know today. In 1895, residents of Queens, the Bronx, Staten Island and Brooklyn–all independent cities at that time–voted to “consolidate” with Manhattan to form a five-borough “Greater New York.”
New York City is famous to have many names such as “The Great American Melting Pot,” “Gotham,” “The City that Never Sleeps” — but its most famous nickname, without a doubt, is “The Big Apple.”
The Big Apple moniker first gained popularity in connection with horseracing. Around 1920, New York City newspaper reporter John Fitz Gerald, whose beat was the track, heard African-American stable hands in New Orleans say they were going to “the big apple,” a reference to New York City, whose race tracks were considered big-time venues. Fitz Gerald soon began making mention of the Big Apple in his newspaper columns. In the 1930s, jazz musicians adopted the term to indicate New York City was home to big-league music clubs. The nickname later faded from use and wasn’t revived until the early 1970s, as part of a tourism campaign to spiff up New York’s image.
Time Square is one of the most well-recognized spots in New York City. It is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center and neighborhood in the Midtown Manhattan. Brightly adorned with billboards and advertisements, Times Square is sometimes referred to as “The Crossroads of the World”, “The Center of the Universe”, “the heart of The Great White Way”, and the “heart of the world”. Times Square is one of the world’s most visited tourist attractions, drawing an estimated 50 million visitors annually.
The Statue of Liberty is another iconic landmark. It is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor. The copper statue, a gift from the people of France to the people of the United States, was designed by French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and built by Gustave Eiffel. The statue was dedicated on October 28, 1886.
The Empire State Building is an iconic 102-story skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan. It was the tallest building in the world from 1931 to 1972. The building has a roof height of 381 meters (1,250 feet), and with its antenna spire included, it stands a total of 443 meters (1,454 feet) high. The Empire State Building is in the Art Deco style, characterized by decorative, geometric designs.
One World Trade Center also known as the Freedom Tower is the main building of the rebuilt World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan. The supertall structure has the same name as the North Tower of the original World Trade Center, which was completely destroyed in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. At 541 meters (1,776 feet), One World Trade Center is the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, and the sixth-tallest in the world.
Public-minded members of the contemporaneous business elite lobbied for the establishment of Central Park, which in 1857 became the first landscaped park in an American city. It was later improved and expanded according to Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux’s Greensward Plan, after which it was reopened in 1873. Central Park is comprised of 341 hectares (843 acres). It is 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) long and 0.8 kilometers (0.5 mile) wide. Central Park receives around 42 million visitors annually and stays open all year.
The most breathtaking view of the city is from its marvelous bridges. They all are, without any exceptions, pieces of art. The city is home to more than 2,000 bridges and tunnels. Probably the most famous is the Brooklyn Bridge. It is is a hybrid cable-stayed/suspension bridge and is one of the oldest bridges of either type in the United States.
Another landmark of New York is yellow taxi. More than 13,000 licensed taxis work in the city. In case you don’t have cash, you can easily pay by credit card, and I consider this as one of the most convenient things in the city.
New York is full of experiences and is one of the best places in the world to try incredible food. So many different people live here and they are all happy to offer their national cuisine. Some people consider the city one of the best places to try famous NYC pizza. Many of the restaurants rank among the most expensive in the world while the others are ready to offer you the fast food for a couple of dollars.
New York City subway was opened in 1904 and nowadays it represents the largest mass transit system in the world with 472 stations. Approximately 6 million people use the subway every day.
New York City has more than 2,000 arts and cultural organizations and more than 500 art galleries of all sizes.
Broadway theatre is one of the premier forms of English-language theatre in the world, named after Broadway, the major thoroughfare that crosses Times Square.
Each New Year’s Eve 1 million people gather in New York City’s Times Square to watch famous ball drop. Another 1 billion people from around the world will watch the famed ball drop on TV.
New York City receives over 60 million foreign and American tourists each year.
Among celebrities that were born in New York City are: Al Pacino, Eddie Murphy, Sylvester Stallone, Ben Stiller, Liv Tyler, Anna Hathaway, Robert Downey Jr., Christina Aguilera, Jay Z, Adam Sandler, Jennifer Lopez, Donald Trump and Lady Gaga.
Land in New York is priceless to own and even more expensive to develop that people are looking up — way up. In New York City, it’s possible to sell the air above a building for future development. Air, people. Air!
New York invented one of the world’s first and greatest luxury hotels — the Waldorf Astoria — which invented the velvet rope and its meaning.
Manhattan comes from a word in the Lenape language that means “Island of many hills”.
The city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States, and as many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.
New York City has the largest Chinese population of any city outside Asia and the largest Puerto Rican population of any city in the world.
New Yorkers drink almost 7 times more coffee than other cities in the U.S.
All underground subway stations in New York City have Wi-Fi connectivity.