Jasmine is a genus of shrubs and vines in the olive family.
There are about 200 different species of Jasmine.
Jasmine is native to tropical and warm temperate regions of Eurasia, Australasia and Oceania.
Jasmines are widely cultivated for the characteristic fragrance of their flowers.
Jasmines grow well in moist, well drained, sandy loam to clayey garden soil with moderate level of fertility. It prefer a full sun to partial shade and a warm site.
Jasmine can live 15 to 20 years in the wild.
Jasmine shrubs reach a height of 3 to 4.5 meters (10 to 15 feet). Jasmine vines can reach up to 9 meters (30 feet) in height by attaching to the nearby structures.
It can be either deciduous (leaves falling in autumn) or evergreen (green all year round), and can be erect, spreading, or climbing shrubs and vines.
Jasmine develops green, smooth stem that is slender and nearly square-shaped on the cross-section.
Jasmine’s leaves are borne, opposite or alternate. They can be simple, trifoliate, or pinnate with 5-9 leaflets, each up to 6.5 centimeters (2.5 inches) long.
The flowers are typically around 2.5 centimeters (1 inch) in diameter. They are usually white or sometimes yellow in color, although in rare instances they can be slightly reddish.
Flowers are usually gathered in clusters with a minimum of three flowers. Also they can be solitary on the ends of branchlets in some types of jasmine.
Typically, each flower will have about four to nine petals, two locules, and one to four ovules, with two stamens and very short filaments.
Jasmine flowers contain both types of reproductive organs. Since stamens and pistil don’t develop at the same time, flowers can’t perform self-pollination. Butterflies and bees are main pollinators of jasmine.
The Jasmine flower releases its fragrance at night after the sun has set and especially when the moon is waxing towards fullness.
The fruits of jasmines are berries that turn black when ripe.
Jasmine is known in India as the “Queen of the Night” because of it’s intoxicating perfume that is released at night.
As a cut flower, it fills the home with a relaxing scent perfect for drifting off to sleep. Some gardeners prefer to plant jasmine outside the bedroom window to allow its fragrance to drift in on the night air.
A number of unrelated plants contain the word “Jasmine” in their common names.
In China ,Jasmine is used a symbol of feminine sweetness and beauty. Jasmine also symbolize deep affection, happiness and elegance. When used in religious ceremonies jasmine represents purity.
Jasmine flowers are worn by women in their hair in southern and southeast Asia.
Jasmine tea is tea scented with aroma from jasmine blossoms to make a scented tea. Typically, jasmine tea has green tea as the tea base; however, white tea and black tea are also used. The resulting flavour of jasmine tea is subtly sweet and highly fragrant. It is the most famous scented tea in China.
In Chinese medicine Jasmine flowers are known to “cool” the blood and have a strong antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-tumor properties. Because they cool the blood they help with reducing a fever or cooling an overheated person (from the sun).
Jasmine oil, a type of essential oil derived from the jasmine flower, is a popular natural remedy for improving mood, overcoming stress and balancing hormones.
Jasmine oil is used in high-grade perfumes and cosmetics, such as creams, oils, soaps, and shampoos.
The Jasmine oil contains benzyl acetate, terpinol, jasmone, benzyl benzoate, linalool, several alcohols, and other compounds.
Syrup made of jasmine flowers is used as flavoring agent in the food industry.
In Thailand, jasmine is the symbol for mother and portrays love and respect.
Jasmine is a feminine given name.