Elephants are the world’s largest land-living mammal.
The word “elephant” comes from the Greek word “elephas” which means “ivory”.
There are two types of elephant,the African elephant and the Asian elephant.But sometimes the African Elephant is split into two species, the African Forest Elephant and the African Bush Elephant.
Asian elephants live in Nepal, India and Southeast Asia in scrub forests and rain forests.African elephants live in sub-Saharan Africa, the rain forests of Central and West Africa and the Sahel desert in Mali.
The largest elephant on record weighed about 10,886 kg (24,000 pounds) with height of 3,96 m (13 feet).
Elephant females can have babies until they are about 50 years old. They tend to have a new baby every two and half to four years. They usually have one baby, twins are very rare.
Elephant females undergo the longest gestation period of all mammals.They are pregnant for 22 months.
Newborn elephants can stand up shortly after the birth. They are born blind, weighing up to 118 kg (260 pounds)
Elephants can hear one another’s trumpeting calls up to 8 kilometers (5 miles)
An adult elephant requires up to 300 kg (660 pounds) of food and 160 liters (42 gallons) of water per day.
African elephants have the best sense of smell in the animal kingdom.
An elephant can smell water from about 20 km (12 miles) away.
Elephants can detect rain 240 km (150 miles) away.
Elephants love water. They like to swim, dive into the water and find great fun in fighting the waves. It also gives their joints a break with the buoyancy they get from the water.
Although tough, their skin is very sensitive.Elephants can get sunburned so they protect themselves with sand.
An Elephant’s skin is very sensitive that they can feel a fly landing on it.
Elephants are scared of bees.
Elephants are capable of human-like emotions such as feeling loss, grieving and even crying. They remember and mourn their loved ones, even many years after their death.When the “Elephant Whisperer” Lawrence Anthony died, a herd of elephants arrived at his house to mourn him.
Elephants are the only mammals, besides humans, to have chins.
Elephants normally only sleep 2 or 3 hours each day.