The Bahamas Listeni is an archipelagic state of the Lucayan Archipelago consisting of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets in the Atlantic Ocean.
The official name of the country is the Commonwealth of the Bahamas.
The official language is English.
As of 1 January 2016, the population of Bahamas was estimated to be 391,135 people.
The Bahamas have a land area of 13,940 square kilometers (5,382 square miles), spread out over approximately 233,000 square kilometers (90,000 square miles) of water in the southwestern portion of the North Atlantic Ocean.
Of more than 700 islands only about 30 of the islands are inhabited. Andros Island, the largest islands of The Bahamas, has an area greater than all the other Bahamian islands combined. The most important island is New Providence on which the capital, Nassau, is situated.
Nassau is the capital and largest city of the Bahamas. It has has an attractive harbour, a colourful blend of old world and colonial architecture, and a busy port. More than two-thirds of Bahamian population live in Nassau.
The famous Paradise Island of the Bahamas was originally called Hog Island. The island is located just off the shore of the city of Nassau, which is itself located on the northern edge of the island of New Providence. It is best known for the sprawling resort Atlantis with its extensive water park rides, pools, beach, restaurants, walk-in aquarium and casinos.
Blue Lagoon Island is a private island located 5 kilometers (3 miles) from Nassau, and serves as a local tourist attraction. It offers visitors everything one dreams of when picturing a private tropical island – breathtakingly clear turquoise waters including a hidden lagoon, thousands of native coconut palm trees, pristine white sandy beaches, beautiful natural vegetation, tropical birds and coral reefs teeming with native species of fish.
All the islands are low and flat, with ridges that usually rise no more than 15 to 20 meters (49 to 66 feet).
Mount Alvernia (formerly Como Hill) is located on Cat Island in the Bahamas and is the highest point in the country at 63 meters (207 feet) above sea level. The small, stone, medieval-style monastery sits on the peak of Mount Alvernia.
There are 3,542 kilometers (2,201 miles) of coastline in the Bahamas.
The Bahamas has the clearest waters in the world, with visibility of over 61 meters (200 feet). It has been scientifically proven that a specific alga, which requires light to live, is found deeper in the Bahamas than anywhere else on Earth.
The Bahamas is known for its stellar beaches. Many beaches have been voted “best in the world” by numerous publications.
The Islands of The Bahamas have 25 national parks and conservation areas, all under the care of the Bahamas National Trust.
The Lucayan National Park on Grand Bahama Island is the site of one of the longest known underwater cave systems in the world.
In the remote eastern edge of the Bahamas, the Exuma Cays Land and Sea Park is a “no take zone” and marine protected area, the first of its kind in the Caribbean. The park boasts some of the most striking seascapes in the Bahamas. The area is popular with divers and boaters, who come here for the quality anchorages, abundant marine life, and crystal clear waters.
Dean’s Blue Hole is the world’s second deepest known salt water blue hole with an entrance below the sea level. It plunges 202 meters (663 feet) in a bay west of Clarence Town on Long Island.
The Andros Barrier Reef is the world’s sixth longest. It runs for 225 kilometers (142 miles), averaging a distance of 1.6-3.2 kilometers (1–2 miles) from the Andros shore.
The Versailles Gardens on Paradise Island comprise a spectacularly lush multi-terraced landscape set in a rectangular design which is about 25 meters (82 feet) wide.
The Bahamas were the site of Columbus’ first landfall in the New World in 1492. At that time, the islands were inhabited by the Lucayan, a branch of the Arawakan-speaking Taino people.
The Golden Age of Piracy lasted from 1690 to 1720, and Nassau (the Bahamas capital) was at its heart, attracting the greatest concentration of pirates ever seen in the New World. [On the photo is the Flying Dutchman from the Pirates of the Carribean movies – located in the Castaway Cay – Bahamas]
On July 10,1973 the Bahamas became an independent country from the United Kingdom.
As a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, the Bahamas is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and is overseen by the British monarch.
Bahamian Cuisine includes seafood such as fish, shellfish, lobster, crab, and conch, as well as tropical fruits, rice, peas, pigeon peas, potatoes, and pork. Popular seasonings commonly used in dishes include chilies (hot pepper), lime, cilantro, tomatoes, onions, garlic, allspice, cinnamon, rum, and coconut. Rum-based beverages are popular on the island.
The yellow elder is the national flower, the Lignum Vitae (tree of life) is the national tree, the flamingo is the national bird and the blue marlin is the national fish.
The national sport of the Bahamas is sloop sailing.
By the terms of GDP per capita, the Bahamas is one of the richest countries in the Americas.
The Bahamas relies on tourism to generate most of its economic activity. Tourism as an industry not only accounts for over 60% of the Bahamian GDP, but provides jobs for more than half the country’s workforce.
Historically, a majority of the 5-6 million tourists visiting the Bahamas each year have been from the United States.
The Bahamas experiences about 310 days of sunshine each year.
If you travel from the northernmost to the southernmost point of The Bahamas, it is roughly the same distance as that between the northernmost point of Scotland and the southernmost point of England.
In The Bahamas cars drive on the left side of the road.
Scenes from the original “Jaws” movie were filmed on a New Providence Island beach now known as “Jaws Beach”.