Techno electronic dance music that began in the United States.
It is built primarily on computers by sound engineers. It has a very futuristic, electronic sound.
The central rhythm is often in common time (4/4), while the tempo typically varies between 120 and 150 beats per minute (bpm).
Artists may use electronic instruments such as drum machines, sequencers, and synthesizers, as well as digital audio workstations. Drum machines from the 1980s such as Roland’s TR-808 and TR-909 are highly prized, and software emulations of such retro instruments are popular.
The first experiments with electronic sound generators took place as early as the mid-late 19th century and culminated in the development of electromechanical pianos that predate the electronic keyboard.
Techno came out of Detroit in the 1980’s as underground dance music and subculture.
High school friends Juan Atkins, Kevin Saunderson, and Derrick May, known as the Belleville Three, are known as the creators of techno music. Kevin Saunderson is the person who made sure techno music got to the masses by 1983. Other important players were Kraftwerk and Soul Sonic Work.
In 1983 Roland released the TR-909 drum machine. That, along with their 808, proved to be pivotal in the development of contemporary electronic music. A shift in sound, driven by the Japanese manufacturer’s machines, happened soon afterwards as electro evolved into techno.
The first known use of the term “techno” came in 1988 when British music exec Neil Rushton approached the Belleville Three, as he sought to license their music to be released in the United Kingdom. The Belleville Three labeled their music as “techno,” as they wanted it to be distinct from Chicago house music.
Actually, the term “techno” had already been used in Detroit before 1988. In fact, Atkins had been using the term since his days with electronic music group Cybotron (“Techno City” was one of their earlier singles). However, it was only that time when “techno” was really used to describe the music when it was ready to be marketed to the public.
Techno continued to thrive in Detroit thanks to the Underground Resistance music collective, formed in 1989 by “Mad” Mike Banks, Jeff Mills, and Robert Hood. Other techno capitals around the world included New York, Chicago, Berlin, and Ghent.
As the techno sound evolved in the late 1980s and early 1990s, it also diverged to such an extent that a wide spectrum of stylistically distinct music was being referred to as techno. This ranged from relatively pop oriented acts such as Moby to the distinctly anti-commercial sentiments of Underground Resistance.
The Music Institute opened in mid-1988 as the world’s first techno club. People came here to dance for hours. There were no drugs or alcohol in The Music Institute, so people would drink or smoke weed before they came.
The growth of techno’s popularity in Europe between 1988 and 1992 was largely due to the emergence of the rave scene and a thriving club culture.
By the 1994, techno had diverged widely in terms of the number of artists and producers in the UK and Europe. This led to the different styles of techno that had built on the Detroit techno sound.
As the Detroit sound became a mainstay of the European rave scene, white producers took the music in a harder-edged direction, replacing its dreamy elegance with aggressive riffs and druggy sample textures. Pioneered by Joey Beltram from New York City, Belgian artists such as 80 Aum and Human Resource, and second-wave Detroit labels Underground Resistance and +8, this new brand of techno was called hardcore, signifying both its militant attitude and ecstasy-driven hedonism.
In the UK, techno had even reached mainstream status, and it became “pop” music. Even independent music labels (notably Warp Records) had begun to build a roster of techno music artists to take advantage of the techno’s popularity, as well as to explore new areas of the genre.
Minimal techno is a branch of techno that is… well… minimal. Consider minimal techno a more stripped-down version of its parent genre. It typically only consists of drums, a bassline, and bare minimum essential elements to create a grooving track. However, just like with all genres, the minimal techno tracks have evolved into something entirely different since its birth.
Techno music is good for your brain. It causes the release of dopamine, which helps you to feel happy and motivated when exercising or moving around, relieving pain in some cases. Techno music strengthens those parts of the brain that are responsible for positive emotions such as happiness, cheerfulness, and delight.
Considered by many to be the best ever, the Technics SL-1200 and its dark side variant the SL-1210 have garnered a legendary reputation in techno DJ circles and beyond. This awesome turntable is the Ford of the DJing industry and is the thing that popularized the modern DJing world today.