São Paulo the most populous city in Brazil.
It is located on the hilly plateau of the southeastern Brazilian Highlands.
As of July 2019, the population of São Paulo is about 12,200,000 people. It is the most populous city the Western Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere and the 12th most populous city in the world.
São Paulo covers a total area of 1,521 square kilometers (587 square miles).
The city lies at a mean elevation of about 800 meters (2,625 feet) above sea level.
The name of the city honors the Apostle, Saint Paul of Tarsus. It founded by Jesuit missionaries on January 25, 1554, the anniversary of the conversion of St. Paul.
In the 17th century, the town became a center for the bandeirantes, intrepid explorers who marched into unknown lands in search for gold, diamonds, precious stones, and Indians to enslave.
After Brazil became independent from Portugal in 1822, as declared by Emperor Pedro I where the Monument of Ipiranga is located, he named São Paulo as an Imperial City. Sao Paulo then started to become an intellectual and political base for the rest of the country.
Only when coffee became Brazil’s vital export crop in the last decades of the 19th century did São Paulo become a major center of economic activity with concomitant population growth.
By the 1940s and ’50s, São Paulo was aptly referred to as the locomotive “pulling the rest of Brazil” and has since become the hub of an immense megametropolis.
Its vibrant and energetic urban core is characterized by an ever-growing maze of modern steel, concrete, and glass skyscrapers in newer hubs within São Paulo’s business centre, as well as in emergent outlying business districts.
Paulista Avenue is one of the most important avenues in São Paulo, Brazil. It stretches 2.8 kilometers (1.7 miles) and runs northwest to southeast. The headquarters of a large number of financial and cultural institutions are located on Paulista Avenue. As a symbol of the center of economic and political power of São Paulo it has been the focal point of numerous political protests beginning in 1929 and continuing into the 21st century.
The São Paulo Museum of Art is an art museum located on Paulista Avenue in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. It is well known for its headquarters, a 1968 concrete and glass structure designed by Lina Bo Bardi, whose main body is supported by two lateral beams over a 74 metres (243 feet) freestanding space, considered a landmark of the city and a main symbol of modern Brazilian architecture.
The Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo is one of the most important art museums in Brazil. It is the oldest art museum in São Paulo, founded on December 24, 1905, and established as a state museum since 1911. The museum has a wide-ranging collection of Brazilian art, mainly noted for its vast assemblage of 19th-century paintings and sculptures, one of the largest in the country, as well as for a number of iconic Brazilian Modernist artworks.
Municipal Theatre of São Paulo is a theatre in São Paulo. It is regarded as one of the landmarks of the city, significant both for its architectural value as well as for its historical importance, having been the venue for the Week of Modern Art in 1922, which revolutionised the arts in Brazil. The building now houses the São Paulo Municipal Symphonic Orchestra, the Coral Lírico (Lyric Choir) and the City Ballet of São Paulo.
The São Paulo See Metropolitan Cathedral –“See” and “cathedral” mean “seat” and therefore the ecclesiastical authority of a bishop or archbishop is the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of São Paulo, Brazil. Its construction, in Neo-Gothic style, began in 1913 and ended four decades later.
The Municipal Market of São Paulo is a large public market. It was designed by the architect Francisco Ramos de Azevedo and inaugurated on January 25, 1933 as a wholesale and retail post specializing in fruits, vegetables, cereals, meats, spices and other food products. The structure is in the eclectic style, is noted for its columns, vaults and stained glass.
Ibirapuera Park is an urban park in São Paulo. It comprises 158 hectares (390 acres) between Av. República do Líbano, Av. Pedro Alvares Cabral, and Av. IV Centenário, and is the most visited park in South America, with about 15 million visits per year.
Broadleaf evergreens are the native trees to the area, and these have been supplemented by various non-native species, most notably the eucalyptus.
According to the Köppen classification, the city has a humid subtropical climate. In summer (January through March), the mean low temperature is about 19 °C (66 °F) and the mean high temperatures is near 28 °C (82 °F). In winter, temperatures tend to range between 8 and 21 °C (46 and 70 °F).
São Paulo is a cosmopolitan, melting pot city, home to the largest Arab, Italian, and Japanese diasporas, with examples including ethnic neighborhoods of Mercado, Bixiga, and Liberdade respectively.
The annual March For Jesus is a large gathering of Christians from Protestant churches throughout Brazil.
The cuisine of the region is a tourist attraction. The city has 62 cuisines across 12,000 restaurants.