An Oreo is a sandwich cookie consisting of two wafers with a sweet crème filling.
The “Oreo Biscuit” was first developed and produced by the National Biscuit Company (today known as Nabisco) in 1912 at its Chelsea, Manhattan factory, located on Ninth Avenue between 15th and 16th Streets.
The first Oreo was sold on March 6, 1912, to a grocer in Hoboken, New Jersey.
In the United States, they were sold for 25 cents a pound (0.45 kg) in novelty metal canisters with clear glass tops.
The original design on the face of the Oreo featured a wreath around the edge of the cookie and the name “OREO” in the center.
A new design for the face of the cookie was launched in 1924, the modern-day Oreo design was developed in 1952 by William A. Turnier, incorporating the Nabisco logo.
The Oreo Biscuit was renamed in 1921 to “Oreo Sandwich”, in 1948 the name was changed to “Oreo Crème Sandwich”, and in 1974 it became the “Oreo Chocolate Sandwich Cookie”, the name that has remained to this day.
The modern Oreo cookie filling was developed by Nabisco’s principal food scientist, Sam Porcello, who retired from Nabisco in 1993.
In addition to their traditional design of two chocolate wafers separated by a crème filling, Oreo cookies have been produced in a multitude of different varieties since they were first introduced, and limited edition runs have become popular in the 21st century.
Oreos are available in over one hundred countries – in some countries, such as the United Kingdom, they are referred to as Oreo biscuits.
One six-pack of Oreos contains 270 calories, hence there are 45 calories in one cookie.
Since their introduction in 1912 Oreo cookies have become the most popular commercial cookie product in the United States.
Over the years, consumers of Oreos have entered into a great debate over how to eat the cookies. Citing research it has done on the eating habits of Oreo consumers, Nabisco claims that 35 percent of respondents to one survey twist their cookies apart before eating them, 30 percent dunk them in milk, and 10 percent nibble them.
Nabisco does not offer a definitive conclusion about the origins of the name “Oreo”.
Others believe that the cookie was named Oreo simply because the name was short and easy to pronounce.
Another theory, proposed by food writer Stella Parks, is that the name derives from the Latin Oreodaphne, a genus of the laurel family. She observes that the original design of the Oreo includes a laurel wreath – and the names of several of Nabisco’s cookies at the time of the original Oreo had botanical derivations, including Avena, Lotus, and Helicon (from Heliconia).
Supreme Oreos are the most expensive Oreos. According to Supreme’s Instagram, the Supreme Oreo double-stuffed cookies will cost $3 per pack of three. However, Supreme Oreos were quickly listed on eBay, with some packets selling for thousands of dollars. Forbes reported that one packet listed on eBay received bids of up to $96,100.
The largest cream filled biscuit weighed 73.4 kg (161 lb. 13 oz.) and was made with the real dough and cream used in the standard-sized OREO, which typically weigh 11.3 g (0.39 oz) per cookie. It was made on 16 April 2018.
In 2011, OREO called upon its Facebook community of 16 million fans from around the world to help set a new record for the most ‘Likes’ on a Facebook item in 24 hours. The attempt began on 15 February when OREO posted from its official Facebook channel, asking fans to ’like’ its post to support the cookie brand in becoming the world’s “Most Liked.” Once the 24-hour time period concluded, Guinness World Records confirmed the success of the record with a total of 114,619 ‘likes’. OREO’s record-breaking feat instantly inspired others to attempt stealing the title.
Back in 2009, OREO and Nabisco organized a record attempt in Madrid, Spain for the largest blind taste test. A total of 1,471 people participated in the record-breaking experiment by tasting two different cookies – an OREO and an imitation – blindfolded, with the aim of guessing which of them was the real OREO.
As part of its “Play with OREO” campaign in China, OREO attempted to build the largest concertina book, a type of pop-up book. Using new 3D printing technology, the brand encouraged consumers to take selfies for a chance to win the opportunity to have their picture 3D printed on an OREO cookie to be included in the record. 300 selfies were then chosen from over 100,000 uploaded to the campaign site, and were featured in the concertina book when it was assembled on 13 November 2015. Once completed, the record-breaking book measured a total of 60.87 square meters (655.2 square feet).