Honduras is a Central American country with Caribbean Sea coastlines to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.
The official name of the country is the Republic of Honduras.
The official language is Spanish.
As of 1 January 2016, the population of Honduras was estimated to be 8,136,000 people.
Honduras has a total area of 112,090 square kilometers (43,278 square miles).
Tegucigalpa commonly referred to as Tegus, is the capital of Honduras. It is a great example of Central American urban sprawl gone amok, spread out across very hilly terrain.
Generally mountainous, the country is marked by fertile plateaus, river valleys, and narrow coastal plains.
Cerro Las Minas at 2,870 meters (9,416 feet) above sea level is the highest mountain in Honduras.
Honduras has two coastlines – the Caribbean Sea coastline extends about 700 kilometers (430 miles), and the Pacific coastline which is about 120 kilometers (70 miles) long.
In Honduras the beaches are sparsely populated, making them perfect for any honeymoon or private vacation. The most beautiful beaches in Honduras have won recognition from travel experts for their powdery sand, turquoise waters and unspoiled splendor.
Honduras is one of the most ecologically protected nations in Latin America. Twenty national parks and two biosphere reserves are paired with dozens of smaller reserves, which have helped to preserve the region’s most mountainous and forested country and the thousands of rare species that live within it.
Located in the Mosquitia region of Northeastern Honduras, Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve is the largest protected area in the country with 350,000 hectares. The reserve has a number of endangered species and some of Honduras largest sections of forest. It has been a World Heritage site and biosphere reserve since 1982. In 2011, UNESCO placed the reserve on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Honduras has 2 UNESCO world heritage sites.
Copán is an archaeological site of the Maya civilization located in the Copán Department of western Honduras. It was the capital city of a major Classic period kingdom from the 5th to 9th centuries AD. Copán was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.
Roatán is the largest and most developed of the Bay Islands. Once a well-kept secret, it is now a cruise-ship port and a popular vacation spot – especially for avid divers and snorkelers. A mountainous backbone undulates through the island’s center, and flourishing coral reefs fringe its shores offering superb opportunities for diving and deep-sea fishing. World-famous West Bay Beach is the longest stretch of easily accessible beach on the island.
A hot spot for many tourists, the largest natural lake in Honduras offers many things to see and do. With its abundance of fish and bird species, Lake Yojoa is ideal for fishing and birdwatching. Travelers can also enjoy dipping in nearby hot springs, exploring caves, hiking to stunning waterfalls, touring coffee plantations and investigating ancient Mayan ruins.
A unique natural wonder, the waterfall at Pulhapanzak is an amazing experience. There are a number of amazing waterfalls throughout Honduras, Pulhapanzak is the largest, dropping about 43 meters (140 feet). It is located near Lake Yojoa.
During the first millennium, Honduras was inhabited by the Maya. Columbus explored the country in 1502. Honduras, with four other Central American nations, declared its independence from Spain in 1821 to form a federation of Central American states. In 1838, Honduras left the federation and became independent.
Honduran cuisine is a fusion of indigenous (Lenca) cuisine, Spanish cuisine, Caribbean cuisine and African cuisine. The national dish of Honduras [photo below] is a mountain of food, the plato típico: a heaping, carb overload of beef, plantains, beans, marinated cabbage, fresh cream, and tortillas.
One of the most intriguing events of Honduras are the Sawdust Alfombras of Comayagua. Each year, on the morning Good Friday using nothing but colored wood shavings the people of Comayagua create rich religious tapestries that are trampled into oblivion the moment they are complete.
Honduras means “Great Depths.”
Honduras was formerly known as Spanish Honduras in order to differentiate itself from Belize, which had been known as British Honduras.
The five stars on the Honduras flag represent the five countries of Central America, with Honduras as the center star because of its central location.
Honduran money is called the Lempira, named after a native who died fighting the Spaniards.
Scarlet macaws were sacred to the Mayans. The scarlet macaw is the national bird of Honduras.
Honduras was the first country to be called a “Banana Republic,” which was coined by the writer O. Henry.
Phenomenon of Yoro Fish Rain is just too weird and looks like a hoax – but it is not! The fish rain takes place in the beginning of rainy period somewhere in May – July. It is not known when this phenomenon started – first reports are from the middle of 19th century, when first missionary Father Subirana came here.
In March 2015, archeologists stumbled across an entire lost city buried hip-deep in the dense Honduran jungles. The team named the city as the ‘Monkey God City,’ and found sculptures, earthworks, residences, and burial mounds as well.